Trends in Racial and Ethnic Diversity in Vascular Neurology Fellowships from 2006 to 2018: A Cross-Sectional Analysis

Saurav Das, Nathan Farkas, Michael Binkley, Jonathan Williams, Ima M. Ebong, Ozan Akca, Andria Ford, Renee Van Stavern, Allyson Zazulia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


Background: Workforce diversity in vascular neurology is a crucial component of reducing disparities in stroke care and outcomes. The objective of this study is to describe trends in the racial and ethnic diversity of neurology residents pursuing vascular neurology fellowship and propose an actionable plan for improvement. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study of race/ethnicity of neurology residents and vascular neurology fellows using published Graduate Medical Education census reports from 2006, when race/ethnicity data were first included, to 2018. Percentage of trainees underrepresented in medicine are reported for 3-year epochs and were analyzed using the Cochran-Armitage test (χ2test for trend). Results: Across the study period, underrepresented in medicine representation has not changed significantly among all neurology residents and subspecialty fellows (11.9% in 2006-2009; 12.5% in 2015-2018, P=0.82) nor among neurology residents alone (12.0% in 2006-2009; 12.6% in 2015-2018, P=0.81). Among vascular neurology fellows, however, there was a significant downtrend of underrepresented in medicine representation from 16.9% in 2006 to 2009 to 9.3% in 2015 to 2018 (P=0.013). Conclusions: Racial/ethnic underrepresentation among all neurology residents as well as those pursuing vascular neurology fellowship has persisted across the study period. Concerted efforts should be pursued to increase diversity in neurology residents and vascular neurology fellowship training.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)867-874
Number of pages8
Issue number2
StatePublished - Mar 1 2022


  • graduate education
  • health equity
  • medical education
  • racism
  • stroke
  • workforce


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