Chronic kidney disease (CKD) affects over 850 million people globally, and the need to prevent its development and progression is urgent. During the past decade, new perspectives have arisen related to the quality and precision of care for CKD, owing to the development of new tools and interventions for CKD diagnosis and management. New biomarkers, imaging methods, artificial intelligence techniques, and approaches to organizing and delivering healthcare may help clinicians recognize CKD, determine its etiology, assess the dominant mechanisms at given time points, and identify patients at high risk for progression or related events. As opportunities to apply the concepts of precision medicine for CKD identification and management continue to be developed, an ongoing discussion of the potential implications for care delivery is required. The 2022 KDIGO Controversies Conference on Improving CKD Quality of Care: Trends and Perspectives examined and discussed best practices for improving the precision of CKD diagnosis and prognosis, managing the complications of CKD, enhancing the safety of care, and maximizing patient quality of life. Existing tools and interventions currently available for the diagnosis and treatment of CKD were identified, with discussion of current barriers to their implementation and strategies for improving the quality of care delivered for CKD. Key knowledge gaps and areas for research were also identified.
- chronic kidney disease
- models of care
- patient-reported outcome measures
- precision medicine