TREM2 modulates differential deposition of modified and non-modified Aβ species in extracellular plaques and intraneuronal deposits

Pranav Joshi, Florian Riffel, Sathish Kumar, Nàdia Villacampa, Sandra Theil, Samira Parhizkar, Christian Haass, Marco Colonna, Michael T. Heneka, Thomas Arzberger, Jochen Herms, Jochen Walter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Progressive accumulation of Amyloid-β (Aβ) deposits in the brain is a characteristic neuropathological hallmark of Alzheimer’s disease (AD). During disease progression, extracellular Aβ plaques undergo specific changes in their composition by the sequential deposition of different modified Aβ species. Microglia are implicated in the restriction of amyloid deposits and play a major role in internalization and degradation of Aβ. Recent studies showed that rare variants of the Triggering Receptor Expressed on Myeloid cells 2 (TREM2) are associated with an increased risk for AD. Post-translational modifications of Aβ could modulate the interaction with TREM2, and the uptake by microglia. Here, we demonstrate that genetic deletion of TREM2 or expression of a disease associated TREM2 variant in mice lead to differential accumulation of modified and non-modified Aβ species in extracellular plaques and intraneuronal deposits. Human brains with rare TREM2 AD risk variants also showed altered deposition of modified Aβ species in the different brain lesions as compared to cases with the common variant of TREM2. These findings indicate that TREM2 plays a critical role in the development and the composition of Aβ deposits, not only in extracellular plaques, but also intraneuronally, that both could contribute to the pathogenesis of AD.

Original languageEnglish
Article number168
JournalActa Neuropathologica Communications
Volume9
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2021

Keywords

  • Intraneuronal
  • Microglia
  • Post-translational modification
  • TREM2
  • Vascular deposits

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