Treg-specific deletion of the phosphatase SHP-1 impairs control of inflammation in vivo

Qin Lei Gu, Kenneth S. Tung, Ulrike M. Lorenz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Introduction: To achieve a healthy and functional immune system, a delicate balance exists between the activation of conventional T cells (Tcon cells) and the suppression by regulatory T cells (Treg). The tyrosine phosphatase SHP-1, a negative regulator of TCR signaling, shapes this ‘activation-suppression’ balance by modulating Tcon cell resistance to Treg-mediated suppression. Treg cells also express SHP-1, but its role in influencing Treg function is still not fully understood. Methods: We generated a Treg-specific SHP-1 deletion model, Foxp3Cre+ Shp-1f/f, to address how SHP-1 affects Treg function and thereby contributes to T cell homeostasis using a combination of ex vivo studies and in vivo models of inflammation and autoimmunity. Results: We show that SHP-1 modulates Treg suppressive function at different levels. First, at the intracellular signaling level in Treg cells, SHP-1 attenuates TCR-dependent Akt phosphorylation, with loss of SHP-1 driving Treg cells towards a glycolysis pathway. At the functional level, SHP-1 expression limits the in vivo accumulation of CD44hiCD62Llo T cells within the steady state Tcon populations (both CD8+ as well as CD4+ Tcon). Further, SHP-1-deficient Treg cells are less efficient in suppressing inflammation in vivo; mechanistically, this appears to be due to a failure to survive or a defect in migration of SHP-1-deficient Treg cells to peripheral inflammation sites. Conclusion: Our data identify SHP-1 as an important intracellular mediator for fine-tuning the balance between Treg-mediated suppression and Tcon activation/resistance.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1139326
JournalFrontiers in immunology
Volume14
DOIs
StatePublished - 2023

Keywords

  • SHP-1
  • T cell signaling
  • inflammatory disease
  • regulatory T cells
  • tyrosine phosphatase

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