Background: Meniscal pathology is commonly encountered in the setting of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) rupture and is increasingly common in the pediatric and adolescent population. Studies have shown that over half of individuals presenting with ACL rupture will have concurrent meniscal pathology. Purpose: To define trends in the utilization of meniscal procedures (ie, meniscus repair vs partial meniscectomy) and short-term complications in pediatric and young adult patients with meniscal pathology in the setting of a concurrent ACL reconstruction. Study Design: Cohort study; Level of evidence, 3. Methods: The IBM MarketScan Commercial Database was utilized to identify ACL reconstruction procedures performed between 2006 and 2018 for individuals aged 5 to 30 years. Annual proportions of meniscectomy and meniscal repair were analyzed, and short-term complications were compared between pediatric/adolescent patients (aged 5-17 years) and young adults (aged 18-30 years). Results: An overall 40,736 records of individuals <18 years old with ACL tears were included. The pediatric/adolescent population had a significantly lower proportion of concomitant meniscal procedures (56.8%; 23,149/40,736) than the young adult population (59.7%; 33,764/56,515; P <.01). From 2006 to 2018, utilization of meniscal repair in the setting of ACL reconstruction steadily increased (20.1% to 35.1% [+15 percentage points], P <.01), while the proportion with meniscectomy decreased (34.4% to 21.3% [–13.1 percentage points], P <.01). There was no difference in rate of reoperation for repeat meniscal repair or meniscectomy in the pediatric/adolescent population for those undergoing meniscal repair versus meniscectomy within 180 days of primary surgery (1.7% [188/10,766] vs 1.5% [186/12,383]; P =.14). Conclusion: From 2006 to 2018, the proportion of patients receiving ACL reconstruction with concomitant meniscal repair increased (20.1% to 35.1%) while the proportion with meniscectomy decreased (34.4% to 21.3%) in the pediatric/adolescent population. Meniscal repair was not associated with a higher 180-day rate of reoperation for repeat meniscal repair or meniscectomy than meniscectomy in the setting of ACL reconstruction.
- anterior cruciate ligament (ACL)
- meniscal repair