In this paper, we proposed a new radiomics-based treatment outcome prediction model for cancer patients. The prediction model is developed based on belief function theory and sparsity learning to address the challenges of redundancy, heterogeneity, and uncertainty of radiomic features, and relatively small-sized and unbalanced training samples. The model first selects the most predictive feature subsets from relatively large amounts of radiomic features extracted from pre- and/or in-treatment positron emission tomography images and available clinical and demographic features. Then an evidential k-nearest neighbor classifier is proposed to utilize the selected features for treatment outcome prediction. Twenty-five stage II-III lung, 36 esophagus, 63 stage II-III cervix, and 45 lymphoma cancer patient cases were included in this retrospective study. Performance and robustness of the proposed model were assessed with measures of feature selection stability, outcome prediction accuracy, and receiver operating characteristics analysis. Comparison with other methods was conducted to demonstrate the feasibility and superior performance of the proposed model.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||IEEE Transactions on Radiation and Plasma Medical Sciences|
|State||Published - Mar 2019|
- Belief function theory (BFT)
- cancer therapy
- positron emission tomography (PET) images
- treatment outcome prediction