Objectives: Chest wall invasion (CWI) is observed in 5% of localized non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). The role of stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) in these patients is unknown. We investigate the safety and efficacy of SBRT in patients with T3N0 NSCLC due to CWI. Methods: Patients with T3N0 NSCLC due to CWI were identified using a prospective registry. CWI was defined as radiographic evidence of soft tissue invasion or bony destruction. We excluded patients with recurrent or metastatic disease. All patients were treated with definitive SBRT. Prescribed dose was 50 Gy in 5 fractions for most patients. Kaplan-Meier analysis was used to estimate survival outcomes. Results: We identified 12 patients treated between 2006 and 2017. Median age was 70 (range, 58–85). Median tumor diameter was 3.0 cm (range, 0.9–7.2). Median survival was 12.0 months (range, 2.4–63). At a median follow-up of 8.9 months (range, 2.1–63), 1-year primary tumor control was 89%, involved lobar control was 89%, local–regional control was 82%, distant control was 91%, and survival was 63%. Of the 4 patients with pre-treatment chest wall pain, 3 reported improvement after SBRT. Two patients reported new grade 1–2 chest wall pain. No grade 3+ toxicity was reported, with 1 patient experiencing grade 1 skin toxicity and 3 patients experiencing grade 1–2 radiation pneumonitis. Conclusions: SBRT for CWI NSCLC is safe, with high early tumor control and low treatment-related toxicity. Most patients with pre-treatment chest wall pain experienced relief after SBRT, with no grade 3+ toxicity observed.
- Chest wall invasion
- Lung cancer
- Stereotactic body radiation therapy