Treatment of Sleep Disorders in Dementia

Sharon Ooms, Yo El Ju

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

37 Scopus citations

Abstract

Sleep and circadian disorders occur frequently in all types of dementia. Due to the multifactorial nature of sleep problems in dementia, we propose a structured approach to the evaluation and treatment of these patients. Primary sleep disorders such as obstructive sleep apnea should be treated first. Comorbid conditions and medications that impact sleep should be optimally managed to minimize negative effects on sleep. Patients and caregivers should maintain good sleep hygiene, and social and physical activity should be encouraged during the daytime. Given the generally benign nature of bright light therapy and melatonin, these treatments should be tried first. Pharmacological treatments should be added cautiously, due to the risk of cognitive side effects, sedation, and falls in the demented and older population. Regardless of treatment modality, it is essential to follow patients with dementia and sleep disorders closely, with serial monitoring of individual response to treatment.

Original languageEnglish
Article number40
JournalCurrent Treatment Options in Neurology
Volume18
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2016

Keywords

  • Alzheimer’s disease
  • Circadian
  • Dementia
  • Dementia with Lewy bodies
  • Frontotemporal dementia
  • Insomnia
  • Lewy body disease
  • Parkinson’s disease with dementia
  • REM sleep behavior disorder
  • Sleep
  • Vascular dementia

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