Treatment of recurrent corneal and conjunctival intraepithelial neoplasia with topical interferon alfa 2b

Michael D. Boehm, Andrew J.W. Huang

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88 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective To evaluate topical interferon alfa 2b (IFNα2b) as a single therapeutic agent in the treatment of presumed recurrent corneal and conjunctival intraepithelial neoplasia. Design Noncomparative, retrospective case series. Participants Seven consecutive patients with recurrent corneal and conjunctival intraepithelial neoplasia diagnosed at the University of Minnesota from July 2000 to November 2003 were studied retrospectively. All patients had a history of histologically proven primary corneal and conjunctival intraepithelial neoplasia and were treated by surgery, cryotherapy, radiation, and/or topical mitomycin C before recurrence. Intervention Patients with a clinical diagnosis of recurrent corneal and conjunctival intraepithelial neoplasia were treated with recombinant topical IFNα2b drops (1 million IU/ml) 4 times daily until lesion resolution was noted. Main outcome measures A review of medical records was performed to assess the duration of and response to treatment with topical IFNα2b, defined by clinical resolution of corneal and conjunctival intraepithelial neoplasia. Results The average age of the 7 patients at the initiation of topical IFNα2b treatment for presumed recurrent corneal and conjunctival intraepithelial neoplasia was 68.7 years (range, 54-88). Six of 7 patients had successful treatment of recurrent corneal and conjunctival intraepithelial neoplasia lesions with topical IFNα2b treatment. The average length of IFNα2b treatment to resolution of recurrent corneal and conjunctival intraepithelial neoplasia was 14.5 weeks (range, 5-24). After treatment with topical IFNα2b for recurrent corneal and conjunctival intraepithelial neoplasia, 2 patients had another recurrence of corneal and conjunctival intraepithelial neoplasia, noted at 1 year and 2 months, respectively. The average post-treatment follow-up was 11.7 months (range, 8-17) after the resolution of recurrent corneal and conjunctival intraepithelial neoplasia. No side effects of treatment were noted in any patient. Conclusions Topical IFNα2b as a single therapeutic agent is an effective treatment of presumed recurrent corneal and conjunctival intraepithelial neoplasia. It offers the benefits of topical therapy and avoids the risks of surgical or other interventions - specifically, ocular surface toxicity, cicatricial conjunctival changes, and limbal stem cell deficiency. Larger controlled studies with longer follow-up periods are recommended to confirm the long-term efficacy and safety of this topical treatment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1755-1761
Number of pages7
JournalOphthalmology
Volume111
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2004

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