Treatment of patients with chronic pruritus of unknown origin with dupilumab

Jiehyun Jeon, Fang Wang, Asima Badic, Brian S. Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Chronic pruritus of unknown origin (CPUO) is a highly debilitating disease that lacks effective treatments. This study explores a new therapeutic strategy with dupilumab. Objectives: To examine whether patients with CPUO demonstrate clinical response to dupilumab. Patients and methods: This is a retrospective case series examining all patients with CPUO who were treated with dupilumab from March 2017 to December 2019 at a tertiary referral clinic at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis, MO. Numerical rating scale (NRS) itch score changes over time were recorded and analyzed. Results: Fifteen patients (67% women; mean [SD] age, 68.7 [12.6] years [range, 42–88 years]) were included in the analysis. All patients had a diagnosis of CPUO for a mean [SD] 2.6 [2.8] years. The median [IQR] pruritus NRS itch score before dupilumab injection was 8 [8–10] and the final median [IQR] NRS itch score was 1 [0–2.5]. The mean [SD] reduction in the NRS itch score was 7.0 [1.9]. Dupilumab was well tolerated with one report of mild injection site reaction that was self-resolving. Conclusion: This study suggests that dupilumab may be an effective treatment for patients with CPUO and supports the design of future randomized placebo-controlled trials to prove its efficacy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1754-1757
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Dermatological Treatment
Volume33
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2022

Keywords

  • Chronic pruritus
  • dupilumab
  • itch
  • numerical rating scale
  • treatment

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