Objective: The purpose of this study was to test whether treating periodontal disease (PD) in pregnancy will reduce the incidence of spontaneous preterm delivery (SPTD) at ≤35 weeks of gestation. Study Design: A multicenter, randomized clinical trial was performed. Subjects with PD were randomized to scaling and root planing (active) or tooth polishing (control). The primary outcome was the occurrence of SPTD at <35 weeks of gestation. Results: We screened 3563 subjects for PD; the prevalence of PD was 50%. Seven hundred fifty-seven subjects were assigned randomly; 378 subjects were assigned to the active group, and 379 subjects were assigned to the placebo group. Active treatment did not reduce the risk of SPTD at <35 weeks of gestation (relative risk, 1.19; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.62-2.28) or composite neonatal morbidity (relative risk, 1.30; 95% CI, 0.83-2.04). There was a suggestion of an increase in the risk of indicated SPTD at <35 weeks of gestation in those subjects who received active treatment (relative risk, 3.01; 95% CI, 0.95-4.24). Conclusion: Treating periodontal disease does not reduce the incidence of SPTD.
- periodontal disease
- spontaneous preterm delivery