Traumatic train injuries

Marc J. Shapiro, William B. Luchtefeld, Rodney M. Durham, John E. Mazuski

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Scopus citations

Abstract

Train accidents involving motor vehicles and pedestrians can be devastating. Approximately 1,234 fatalities were recorded in the United States in 1989. The literature from the United States is sparse, prompling a 7-year review of 23 consecutive train accident victims. Twenty (87%) were male, with an average age of 30.6 years. Sixteen (70%) were intoxicated at the time of the accident, and the average Injury Severity Score was 21.4. There was a total of eight traumatic amputations occuring in the 11 (48%) patients involved as pedestrians. Two of these were railroad workers, and nine were trespassers. Fourteen (61%) accidents occurred between the hours of 2300 and 0700. Three (14%) patients died. Although alcohol use occurred in 16 (70%), there was no significance between alcohol use and amputation. Thus, non-railroad employed pedestrians, because of a lack of protection, are more prone to traumatic amputations, primarily of the lower extremities, than those involved in motor vehicle accidents.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)92-93
Number of pages2
JournalAmerican Journal of Emergency Medicine
Volume12
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1994

Keywords

  • Amputation
  • injury
  • train
  • trauma

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