Transvaginal natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery tubal reanastomosis: a novel route for tubal surgery

Juan Liu, Elise Bardawil, Qiongyan Lin, Binhua Liang, Weiqun Wang, Chunhua Wu, Xiaoming Guan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations


Objective: To demonstrate how a transvaginal natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery (NOTES) tubal reanastomosis is a novel route for tubal surgery. The surgical technique is a combination of traditional vaginal surgery with single-site surgical skills. Design: The surgical technique is explained in a stepwise fashion with the use of surgical video footage. The video uses a surgical case to demonstrate the specific techniques necessary to perform a NOTES tubal reanastomosis. Setting: Teaching university. Patient(s): A 42-year-old female G2P2 with a history of tubal ligation 11 years before presentation requesting a tubal recanalization. Intervention(s): Transvaginal NOTES tubal reanastomosis was initiated with a posterior colpotomy. A single-site gelport was placed. The fallopian tubes were hydrodissected, the blocked portion of each tube was removed, an epidural catheter was threaded through each lumen, and the two remaining segments of each tube were sutured together in an end-to-end fashion using single-site suturing skills. Main Outcome Measure(s): Transvaginal NOTES tubal reanastomosis as an alternative route for tubal reanastomosis. Result(s): The bilateral fallopian tubes were recanalized with bilateral tubal patency. This was confirmed 8 weeks postoperatively with a three-dimensional sonohystogram, which showed patency of the bilateral fallopian tubes. Conclusion(s): The current preferred technique for reversal of a tubal sterilization is to perform a minimally invasive surgery with an end-to-end anastomosis. This gives the patient a 60%–90% intrauterine pregnancy rate postoperatively. NOTES has the benefits of a fast recovery, no abdominal incisional pain, and an extremely cosmetic outcome. Current research has shown a 0%–3.1% range for the risk of pelvic infection in transvaginal NOTES if prophylactic antibiotics are administered during the surgery. The NOTES tubal reanastomosis combines the traditional vaginal surgery technique of creating a posterior colpotomy with single-site surgical skills like suturing and knot tying. The surgery is completed through a single transvaginal port without an abdominal incision. In the hands of a skilled minimally invasive surgeon, transvaginal NOTES tubal reanastomosis is a feasible and alternative route for this procedure.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)182
Number of pages1
JournalFertility and Sterility
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jul 1 2018


  • Laparoscopic
  • natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery
  • tubal reanastomosis


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