The p24 protein, one of the three proteins implicated in local movement of potato virus X (PVX), was expressed in transgenic tobacco plants (Nicotiana tabacum Xanthi D8 NN). Plants with the highest level of p24 accumulation exhibited a stunted and slightly chlorotic phenotype. These transgenic plants facilitate the cell-to-cell movement of a mutant of PVX that contained a frameshift mutation in p24. Upon inoculation with tobacco mosaic virus (TMV), the size of necrotic local lesions was significantly smaller in p24+ plants than in nontransgenic, control plants. Systemic resistance to tobamoviruses was also evidenced after inoculation of p24+ plants with Ob, a virus that evades the hypersensitive response provided by the N gene. In the latter case, no systemic symptoms were observed, and virus accumulation remained low or undetectable by Western immunoblot analysis and back-inoculation assays. In contrast, no differences were observed in virus accumulation after inoculation with PVX, although more severe symptoms were evident on p24-expressing plants than on control plants. Similarly, infection assays conducted with potato virus Y showed no differences between control and transgenic plants. On the other hand, a considerable delay in virus accumulation and symptom development was observed when transgenic tobacco plants containing the movement protein (MP) of TMV were inoculated with PVX. Finally, a movement defective mutant of TMV was inoculated on p24+ plants or in mixed infections with PVX on nontransgenic plants. Both types of assays failed to produce TMV infections, implying that TMV MP is not interchangeable with the PVX MPs.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journal of virology|
|State||Published - Jan 1 1998|