Glut1 transgenic mice were bred with transgenic mice that overexpress hexokinase II in skeletal muscle in order to determine whether whole-body glucose disposal could be further augmented in mice overexpressing glucose transporters. Overexpression of hexokinase alone in skeletal muscle had no effect on glucose transport or metabolism in isolated muscles, nor did it alter blood glucose levels or the rate of whole-body glucose disposal. Expression of the hexokinase transgene in the context of the Glut1 transgenic background did not alter glucose transport in isolated muscles but did cause additional increases in steady-state glucose 6-phosphate (3.2-fold) and glycogen (7.5-fold) levels compared with muscles that overexpress the Glut1 transporter alone. Surprisingly, however, these increases were not accompanied by a change in basal or insulin-stimulated whole-body glucose disposal in the doubly transgenic mice compared with Glut1 transgenic mice, probably due to an inhibition of de novo glycogen synthesis as a result of the high levels of steady-state glycogen in the muscles of doubly transgenic mice (430 μmol/g versus 10 μmol/g in wild-type mice). We conclude that the hexokinase gene may not be a good target for therapies designed to counteract insulin resistance or hyperglycemia.