Transfusion outcomes between regular and low yield pathogen reduced platelets across different patient populations in a single institution

Mei San Tang, Elaine Shu, Harry Sussman, Mrigender Virk, Suchitra Pandey, Hua Shan, Tho Pham

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: Pathogen reduction technology (PRT) effectively mitigates bacterial contamination in platelets but is more likely to produce low yield units. Although low dose transfusion using conventional platelets has not been associated with increased bleeding, these findings have not been reproduced with PRT-treated platelets. Study Design and Methods: Platelet transfusions in a tertiary adult hospital were retrospectively reviewed. Comparisons were made between PRT-treated regular (PRT-PR) and low (PRT-PL) yield platelets. Outcomes examined included the number of platelets and RBCs transfused, transfusion-free interval, and corrected count increment (CCI). Subgroup analyses were also performed on hematology–oncology inpatients and outpatients, as well as non-hematology–oncology patients. Results: Platelet utilization per patient remained mostly unchanged (mean 2.9–4.3 units per patient per month) even when the frequency of PRT-PL transfusion increased. Among 1402 patients examined, the number of platelets and RBCs transfused was not significantly different between patients first transfused with PRT-PR versus PRT-PL (mean number of platelet units = 2.8 vs. 3.1, p = 0.38; mean number of RBC units = 4.8 vs. 4.3, p = 0.93). Among 10,257 platelet transfusions examined, the transfusion-free interval (hazard ratio = 1.05, 95% confidence interval 1.00–1.10) and CCI (10.2 vs. 11.0, p = 0.70) were comparable between PRT-PR and PRT-PL units. Similar findings were observed in all subgroups, except for shortened transfusion-free intervals among hematology–oncology inpatients. Conclusion: PRT-PR and PRT-PL units may be used in an equivalent manner to maintain an adequate platelet inventory, since there was only a minor difference in time between transfusions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2012-2019
Number of pages8
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 2022


  • pathogen reduction technology
  • platelets
  • transfusion practices (adult)


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