Transforming growth factor β stimulates the expression of fibronectin and of both subunits of the human fibronectin receptor by cultured human lung fibroblasts

C. J. Roberts, T. M. Birkenmeier, J. J. McQuillan, S. K. Akiyama, S. S. Yamada, W. T. Chen, K. M. Yamada, J. A. McDonald

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Abstract

Transforming growth factors of the β-class (TGFs-β) stimulate extracellular matrix synthesis and have been implicated in embryogenesis, wound healing, and fibroproliferative responses to tissue injury. Because cells communicate with several extracellular matrix components via specific cell membrane receptors, we hypothesized that TGFs-β may also regulate the expression of such receptors. We confirmed that TGF-β1 increases the expression of fibronectin, an adhesive glycoprotein expressed during embryogenesis and tissue remodeling. Based upon the 48-72-h period required for a maximal fibroproliferative response to dermal injections of TGF-β1, we exposed human fetal lung fibroblasts (IMR-90) to TGF-β1 for periods up to 48 h in vitro. We observed as much as 6-fold increases in fibronectin synthesis by 24 h as previously reported for fibroblastic cells (Ignotz, R.A., and Massague, J. (1986) J. Biol. Chem. 261, 4337-4345; Ignotz, R.A., Endo, T., and Massague, J. (1987) J. Biol. Chem. 262, 6443-6446; Raghow, R., Postlethwaithe, A.E., Keski-Oja, J., Moses, H.L., and Kang, A.H. (1987) J. Clin. Invest. 79, 1285-1288), but up to 30-fold increases by 48 h. These increases are accompanied by similar increases in fibronectin mRNA levels which are prevented by actinomycin D treatment. Using a monospecific antibody raised to the human placental fibronectin receptor complex, we found that TGF-β1 stimulated fibronectin receptor synthesis up to 20-40-fold and increases mRNA levels encoding both the α- and β-subunits up to 3-fold, compared to control IMR-90 in serum-free medium. Actinomycin D blocks TGF-β1-mediated increases in receptor mRNA levels. The earliest detectable TGF-β1-mediated increases in fibronectin receptor complex protein synthesis and mRNA levels occur at 8 h, whereas the earliest increases in fibronectin protein synthesis and mRNA levels occur at 12 h. These results demonstrate that TFG-β1 stimulates fibronectin receptor synthesis, extending the diverse stimulatory activities of this polypeptide to matrix receptors. In addition, because fibronectin matrix assembly may involve the fibronectin cell adhesion receptor complex, increased receptor expression may help drive fibronectin deposition into matrix.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4586-4592
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume263
Issue number10
StatePublished - Jan 1 1988

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    Roberts, C. J., Birkenmeier, T. M., McQuillan, J. J., Akiyama, S. K., Yamada, S. S., Chen, W. T., Yamada, K. M., & McDonald, J. A. (1988). Transforming growth factor β stimulates the expression of fibronectin and of both subunits of the human fibronectin receptor by cultured human lung fibroblasts. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 263(10), 4586-4592.