Transforming growth factor-β induces renal epithelial jagged-1 expression in fibrotic disease

Jeremiah Morrissey, Guangjie Guo, Kazuaki Moridaira, Melanie Fitzgerald, Ruth McCracken, Timothy Tolley, Saulo Klahr

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87 Scopus citations


For elucidation of the mechanisms by which growth factors and cytokines affect renal epithelial cells, gene array analysis of renal cells cultured in the presence of transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) was performed. Many genes that were not previously considered to be involved in renal cell biologic processes were affected, one of which was jagged-1. The jagged ligand/notch receptor family controls the formation of boundaries between groups of cells and regulates cell fates. On the basis of the array analysis, jagged-1 expression was further evaluated in cultured cells and in C57BL/6 mice with a model of unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO). Recombinant human TGF-β1 increased jagged-1 mRNA levels at concentrations between 10-11 and 10-10 M. There was a commensurate increase in jagged-1 protein levels, as assessed by Western blotting. The expression of jagged-1 mRNA and protein was observed to be significantly increased in the kidneys of C57BL/6 mice with obstructed ureters, compared with the contralateral kidneys, at 7 and 14 d of UUO. Immunohistochemical analyses demonstrated jagged-1 expression in distal tubules of kidneys from normal mice or contralateral kidneys from mice with UUO. Jagged-1 protein expression was increased in tubules not yet in apparent atrophy in the kidneys with an obstructed ureter. Jagged-1 expression was significantly increased in the kidneys of normal mice treated with TGF-β1 and was decreased in the kidneys of mice with UUO treated with a TGF-β receptor II-Fc chimera. These results suggest that jagged-1 is expressed in normal kidneys and that this expression is upregulated during renal disease, in a TGF-β-dependent manner.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1499-1508
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of the American Society of Nephrology
Issue number6
StatePublished - 2002


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