Background: Stented bioprosthetic valves (BPVs) are commonly used for surgical pulmonary valve (PV) replacement in postoperative congenital heart disease, but develop structural failure in a time-related fashion. The Melody transcatheter PV (TPV) (Medtronic, Minneapolis, Minn) has been used to treat BPV dysfunction, but there have been few studies in this population. Methods: We performed a retrospective, multicenter study to evaluate Melody valve function in patients who underwent TPV replacement (TPVR) into a dysfunctional pulmonary BPV. Results: One hundred patients who underwent TPVR at 10 centers between January 2010 and June 2015 were enrolled. The median patient age was 22 years (range, 5-79 years), and 32 patients were age <18 years. The underlying diagnosis was tetralogy of Fallot in 80 patients, and moderate or severe pulmonary regurgitation (PR) was present in 84%. The TPV was implanted into various types of BPVs, with a median size of 23 mm (range, 19-33 mm). At hospital discharge, PR was mild or less in all but 1 patient, and the mean Doppler right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT) gradient was reduced from a mean of 29.3 ± 12.0 mm Hg to 16.2 ± 6.9 mm Hg (median, 29 mm Hg to 16 mm Hg; P <.001). During follow-up (median, 12.4 months), no patients underwent reintervention on the TPV. Endocarditis was diagnosed in 1 patient who was managed medically without intervention. The mean RVOT gradient at the most recent follow-up was ≤35 mm Hg in all patients, and was similar to that at early postimplantation. PR was more than mild in only 1 patient. Hemodynamic outcomes did not differ between patients with small BPVs (≤23 mm) and those with large BPVs (≥25 mm). Conclusions: TPVR restores competence and relieves the obstruction of dysfunctional surgical BPVs, with excellent early results in both small and large BPVs, highlighting the potential for TPVR to extend the life of existing BPVs in adults and children. Collaboration between surgeons and cardiologists is important to determine the optimal lifetime management, combining surgical PV replacement and TPVR in this population.
- Melody valve
- bioprosthetic valve
- pulmonary regurgitation
- transcatheter pulmonary valve