The development of the percutaneous heart valve (PHV) may become a primary therapeutic modality for the high risk and inoperable patients with critical symptomatic aortic stenosis. The first human percutaneous aortic valve implant was performed by our group in April 2002. To date, more than 500 Cribier-Edwards-PHV have been implanted worldwide using arterial transfemoral or trans-apical approach. Data on the retrograde transfemoral approach is growing with more than 270 patients implanted as of October 2007. Procedural success rate is high (86%) and the 30-day mortality is 12%. Today, 2 patients are alive at a follow-up of more than 4 years. The same Cribier-Edwards-PHV can be implanted using trans-apical approach. In this procedure, PHV is introduced under direct vision into the left ventricle via a mini-thoracotomy. This obviates the concerns regarding vascular access in the presence of small caliber vessels and/or vascular occlusive disease. More than 200 patients have been treated with this approach. In the European experience 30-day mortality is 14%. There is intense interest in PHV technology, and there are multiple devices at various stages of development in animals and humans. The most developed is the CoreValve Revalving® Technology. More than 350 patients have been treated with this technique. The immediate and mid-term results with this device are promising with a procedural success of 92% and a 30-day mortality of 15%. The future of this technology and its application is dependent on the continued collaboration between general internists, cardiologists, surgeons, engineers, and industry.
- Aortic stenosis
- Percutaneous heart valve
- Retrograde transfemoral approach
- Trans-apical approach