Trabeculated myocardium in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy: Clinical consequences

José David Casanova, Josefa González Carrillo, Jesús Martín Jiménez, Javier Cuenca Muñoz, Carmen Muñoz Esparza, Marcos Siguero Alvárez, Rubén Escribá, Esther Burillo Milla, José Luis de la Pompa, Ángel Raya, Juan Ramón Gimeno, María Sabater Molina, Gregorio Bernabé García

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2 Scopus citations


Aims: Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is often accompanied by increased trabeculated myocardium (TM)—which clinical relevance is unknown. We aim to measure the left ventricular (LV) mass and proportion of trabeculation in an HCM population and to analyze its clinical implication. Methods and Results: We evaluated 211 patients with HCM (mean age 47.8 ± 16.3 years, 73.0% males) with cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) studies. LV trabecular and compacted mass were measured using dedicated software for automatic delineation of borders. Mean compacted myocardium (CM) was 160.0 ± 62.0 g and trabecular myocardium (TM) 55.5 ± 18.7 g. The percentage of trabeculated myocardium (TM%) was 26.7% ± 6.4%. Females had significantly increased TM% compared to males (29.7 ± 7.2 vs. 25.6 ± 5.8, p < 0.0001). Patients with LVEF < 50% had significantly higher values of TM% (30.2% ± 6.0% vs. 26.6% ± 6.4%, p = 0.02). Multivariable analysis showed that female gender and neutral pattern of hypertrophy were directly associated with TM%, while dynamic obstruction, maximal wall thickness and LVEF% were inversely associated with TM%. There was no association between TM% with arterial hypertension, physical activity, or symptoms. Atrial fibrillation and severity of hypertrophy were the only variables associated with cardiovascular death. Multivariable analysis failed to demonstrate any correlation between TM% and arrhythmias. Conclusions: Approximately 25% of myocardium appears non-compacted and can automatically be measured in HCM series. Proportion of non-compacted myocardium is increased in female, non-obstructives, and in those with lower contractility. The amount of trabeculation might help to identify HCM patients prone to systolic heart failure.

Original languageEnglish
Article number3171
Pages (from-to)1-11
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Clinical Medicine
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 2020


  • Advanced cardiac imaging
  • Cardiac magnetic resonance
  • Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy
  • Left ventricular non-compaction
  • Myocardial disease
  • Trabeculas


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