Trabecular bone score in people with cystic fibrosis

A. Anabtawi, M. Holyoak, J. He, E. Cristiano, D. Polineni, L. Graves

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Summary: People with cystic fibrosis (CF) are at increased risk of fractures. Our study found that low trabecular bone score (TBS) (a measure of bone strength) may help identify people with CF at risk of fractures especially when combined with bone density measured by DXA, age, hemoglobin A1c, and transplant status. Introduction: People with cystic fibrosis (CF) are at increased risk of fractures. This study aims to evaluate the association of trabecular bone score (TBS) with fractures in CF. Methods: A cross-sectional study of adults with CF who completed bone density between 2009 and 2019. TBS was applied to lumbar spine studies. Results: A total of 202 people with CF were included. A history of fracture was present in 36 (17.8%) subjects. Patients with history of fractures had higher hemoglobin A1c (A1C) (7.8 ± 2.7% vs. 6.7 ± 1.7%, p = 0.024), lower femoral neck (FN) Z/T-score (− 1.05 ± 1.08 vs. − 0.44 ± 1.08, p = 0.012), and lower TBS (1.36 ± 0.13 vs. 1.40 ± 0.11, p = 0.05) compared to those without. Lung transplant recipients had a higher prevalence of fractures (50% vs. 14.1%, p < 0.001). The odds ratio (95%CI) of having a fracture for subjects with TBS (≤ 1.2 vs. > 1.2) stratified by FN Z/T-score (≤ − 2.0 or > − 2.0) was 3.88 (0.92, 16.35), p = 0.07. ROC analysis showed TBS was significantly associated with fractures (p < 0.05); however, FN BMD was superior. A model combining FN BMD, age, A1c, transplant, and TBS improved ROC compared to FN BMD + age (0.837 vs. 0.779, p = 0.031). Conclusions: TBS ≤ 1.2 may identify people with CF at high risk of fractures. A model combining FN BMD, age, A1c, transplant, and TBS was significantly associated with fractures compared to FN BMD + age. Future studies are needed to evaluate the prediction of fractures in people with CF using clinical and bone parameters.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1137-1145
Number of pages9
JournalOsteoporosis International
Volume33
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2022

Keywords

  • Cysitic fibrosis bone disease
  • Cystic fibrosis
  • Fractures
  • Trabecular bone score

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