For patients with single ventricle physiology, being able to initially establish systemic blood flow and control pulmonary blood flow is critical to their long-term health. Recently, there have been descriptions in achieving this by a purely transcatheter approach with stenting of the ductus arteriosus and implanting pulmonary flow restrictors, a very appealing prospect. We review a case series of 6 patients who underwent a percutaneous modified stage 1 approach using modified Microvascular plugs (MVP) at our center between September 2019 and December 2019. The initial procedure was technically successful in all patients with single-stage ductal stenting and placement of bilateral modified MVP via femoral access. Four patients underwent repeat cardiac catheterization prior to subsequent surgery that demonstrated elevated Qp:Qs (> 2:1) in 3 of the 4 patients with an elevated mean distal PA pressure > 20 mmHg in all patients. In some patients, the device migrated into the distal right pulmonary artery. One patient after Glenn shunt was found to have significant LPA stenosis requiring stenting. While the percutaneous modified stage 1 approach is a promising approach, we offer a word of caution against widespread adoption of this technique with the currently available devices.
- Flow restrictor
- Percutaneous modified stage 1
- Single ventricle