Total shoulder arthroplasty in patients with a B2 glenoid addressed with corrective reaming

Nathan D. Orvets, Aaron M. Chamberlain, Brendan M. Patterson, Peter N. Chalmers, Michelle Gosselin, Dane Salazar, Alexander W. Aleem, Jay D. Keener

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

36 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: This study describes the short-term functional and radiographic outcomes after total shoulder arthroplasty (TSA) in shoulders with a B2 glenoid deformity addressed with corrective reaming. Methods: We conducted a retrospective series of consecutive patients who underwent TSA with a Walch B2 glenoid quantified by computed tomography scan. All glenoid deformities were addressed using partially corrective glenoid reaming. Radiographic and functional outcome measures, including scores on the visual analog scale for pain, American Shoulder and Elbow Standardized Shoulder Assessment, and Simple Shoulder Test were collected. Results: Functional outcome scores were available for 59 of 92 eligible subjects (64%) at a mean of 50 months. The mean preoperative retroversion measured 18° (range, –1° to 36°), superior inclination was 8° (range, –11° to 27°), and posterior subluxation was 67% (range, 39%-91%). Mean visual analog scale improved from 7.4 to 1.4, the American Shoulder and Elbow Shoulder Standardized Assessment improved from 35.4 to 84.3, and the SST improved from 4.5 to 9.1. Radiographs were evaluated at a mean of 31 months: 38 had no glenoid radiolucent lines, 13 glenoids had grade 1, 2 had grade 2, and 5 had grade 3 lucencies. There was no difference in the rate of progression of glenoid radiolucencies between shoulders with a preoperative glenoid version of ≤20° (27.8%) compared with glenoids with >20° of retroversion (22.7%, P =.670). No shoulders were revised due to glenoid loosening or instability. Conclusion: TSA with partial corrective glenoid reaming in selected shoulders with a B2 glenoid deformity resulted in excellent functional and radiographic outcomes at short-term follow-up, with a low risk of revision surgery.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)S58-S64
JournalJournal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
Volume27
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2018

Keywords

  • B2 glenoid
  • biconcave glenoid
  • corrective reaming
  • glenoid retroversion
  • radiolucency
  • total shoulder arthroplasty

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