Topical bexarotene therapy for patients with refractory or persistent early-stage cutaneous T-cell lymphoma: Results of the phase III clinical trial

Peter Heald, Marilyn Mehlmauer, Ann G. Martin, Constance A. Crowley, Richard C. Yocum, Steven D. Reich

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

119 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives: We sought to determine the safety and efficacy of topical bexarotene (Targretin; Ligand Pharmaceuticals, La Jolla, Calif) gel 1% in patients with refractory or persistent early-stage cutaneous T-cell lymphoma. Methods: We conducted a multinational, open-label, phase III study of 50 patients with stage IA to IIA cutaneous T-cell lymphoma. The primary end point classification was the overall complete and partial response rate by the higher of 2 measures: the Physician's Global Assessment of Clinical Condition or the Composite Assessment of Index Lesion Disease Severity. Results: The overall response rates for the Physician's Global Assessment of Clinical Condition, Composite Assessment of Index Lesion Disease Severity, and primary end point classification were 44%, 46%, and 54%, respectively. The most common adverse events possibly related to study medication were mild to moderate irritant dermatitis, pruritus, pain (ie, primarily burning at application site), and skin disorder (eg, skin inflammation, excoriation, and new lesions). There were no serious treatment-related adverse events. Conclusions: Topical bexarotene gel was generally well tolerated and demonstrated substantial efficacy in patients with refractory or persistent early-stage cutaneous T-cell lymphoma.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)801-815
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of the American Academy of Dermatology
Volume49
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2003

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