Top-of-license nursing practice, part 2

Jacqueline Loversidge, Po Yin Yen, Esther Chipps, Lynn Gallagher-Ford, Lynne Genter, Jacalyn Buck

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to describe differences in associate degree (ADN) and baccalaureate degree-prepared (BSN) nurses' perceptions of top-of-license (TOL) practice. BACKGROUND To date, no empirical work has examined whether ADN and BSN nurses approach TOL practice nursing activities differently. METHODS We conducted a qualitative pilot study with focus groups to explore the perceptions of a group of ADN- and BSN-prepared nurses concerning nursing activities and their relation to TOL practice. RESULTS Subthemes emerged differentiating how ADN and BSN nurses perceived their responsibilities related to critical thinking, communication, and patient education. For professional nursing care, 5 subthemes further emerged: (a) approaches to assessment, (b) chart review, (c) psychosocial patient care, (d) documentation, and (e) handoff. CONCLUSIONS The differences identified in approaches to TOL practice activities by educational preparation have implications for staffing patterns that can optimize the contribution of ADN- and BSN-prepared nurses. Further research is indicated.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)329-334
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Nursing Administration
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 1 2018


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