Tick- borne infection revealing human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) positivity in a young adult

Murat Hasanreisoglu, Sarakshi Mahajan, Pinar Cakar Ozdal, Kenan Hizel, Ahmet Yucel Ucgul, Merih Onol, Quan Dong Nguyen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Purpose: To describe a patient whose retinal findings suggestive of tick-borne disease but evaluations led to early diagnosis and treatment of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. Observation: A young patient presented with bilateral uveitis, branch retinal artery occlusion and retinal findings suggestive of infective/inflammatory etiology. Laboratory evaluations revealed that the patient was positive for co-infection with Rickettsia conorii and Bartonella henselae. On further investigation, the patient tested positive for HIV infection. The patient was treated with doxycycline as well as highly active anti-retroviral therapy (HAART) to control both opportunistic infections as well as HIV infection. Conclusion and Importance: Patients with HIV infection are at risk for multiple, simultaneous opportunistic co-infections, including those with tick-borne diseases.

Original languageEnglish
Article number100559
JournalAmerican Journal of Ophthalmology Case Reports
StatePublished - Dec 2019


  • Bartonella
  • Chorioretinitis
  • HIV
  • Occlusive vasculitis
  • Ocular
  • Retina
  • Rickettsia
  • Tick-borne disease


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