Apolipoprotein B (apoB) biosynthesis by rat liver was studied following thyroid hormone (3,5,3'-triiodo-L-thyronine) administration to hypothyroid rats. Pharmacologic doses of 3,5,3'-triiodo-L-thyronine caused suppression of apoB100 synthesis but did not affect apoB48 levels. There was no detectable apoB100 synthesis in hyperthyroid rats. To examine whether these results were mediated by the previously demonstrated mechanism of RNA modification (Powell, L. M., Wallis, S. C., Pease, R. J., Edwards, Y. H., Knott, T. J., and Scott, J. (1987) Cell 50, 831-840), the DNA sequence corresponding to the C-terminal end of rat apoB48 was determined from rat liver cDNA clones. Rat cDNAs contained a stop codon at an identical position to that found in human and rabbit apoB48 intestinal cDNA. To quantitate the relative amounts of apoB100 and apoB48 message, cDNA was synthesized from hepatic and intestinal apoB RNA and a 207-base pair fragment amplified using the polymerase chain reaction. The products were then differentially hybridized with oligonucleotides specific for apoB100 (containing CAA) or apoB48 (TAA). Control and hypothyroid liver contained approximately equal amounts of CAA and TAA, while hyperthyroid liver contained >90% TAA. All gut samples contained 94-98% TAA. Genomic DNA from rat liver contained only CAA. The results demonstrate that apoB mRNA modification can be hormonally modulated in the adult rat by induction of a mechanism involving substitution of a stop codon into hepatic apoB100 mRNA.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)13482-13485
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number27
StatePublished - 1988


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