Thyroid carcinoma uptake of 18 F-Fluorodeoxyglucose in patients with elevated serum thyroglobulin and negative 131I scintigraphy

Kimberly M. Creach, Brian Nussenbaum, Barry A. Siegel, Perry W. Grigsby

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: To determine if FDG-PET results can predict for outcome in thyroid cancer patients with elevated Tg and negative I-131 imaging. Materials and methods: We conducted a retrospective review of 76 patients who had elevated serum Tg and negative 131I scintigraphy and who underwent FDG-PET. After FDG-PET, patients underwent neck dissection or radiation. Results: The 51 patients with positive FDG-PET had a 5-year survival of 63% compared to 100% (p < 0.049) for the 25 patients with negative PET. Patients with FDG-avid disease isolated to the lymph nodes had 5-year CSS of 91% compared to 32% (p = 0.0033) for those with disease outside the regional lymph nodes. Twenty-nine patients with disease isolated to the regional lymph nodes underwent salvage neck dissection and 22 remain NED after 28 months. Conclusions: Negative FDG-PET with elevated Tg predicts an excellent outcome. FDG-avid disease isolated to the regional lymph nodes had a low likelihood of death due to thyroid cancer.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)51-56
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Journal of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Medicine and Surgery
Volume34
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2013

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