Thromboprophylaxis after cesarean delivery: A decision analysis

Joanne N. Quiñones, Denise N. James, David M. Stamilio, Kirsten Lawrence Cleary, George A. Macones

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

33 Scopus citations

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To compare 4 strategies for managing patients after cesarean delivery. METHODS: Using decision analysis, we compared universal subcutaneous (SC) heparin prophylaxis, heparin prophylaxis only for patients with a genetic thrombophilia, use of pneumatic compression stockings (PCS), and no thromboprophylaxis. Outcomes included heparin-induced thrombocytopenia (HIT), HIT-related thrombosis, major maternal bleeding, and venous thromboembolism (VTE). RESULTS: Use of PCS was the strategy with the lowest number of adverse events. With heparin prophylaxis, 13 cases of HIT-induced thrombosis and hemorrhage would occur per VTE prevented. When heparin prophylaxis is administered only to thrombophilia-positive women, 1.2 cases of HIT-induced thrombosis and bleeding would occur per VTE prevented. In sensitivity analyses, the model was stable across virtually all variable ranges. CONCLUSION: Use of PCS after cesarean delivery is the strategy with the lowest number of adverse events. Universal prophylaxis with SC heparin is associated with an excess risk of HIT-induced thrombosis and bleeding per VTE prevented compared with PCS use. Until future studies are completed, postcesarean thromboprophylaxis with PCS should be used if the clinician elects to provide prophylaxis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)733-740
Number of pages8
JournalObstetrics and gynecology
Volume106
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2005

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