Background - Thrombosis is a pivotal event in the pathogenesis of coronary disease. We hypothesized that the presence of blood factors that reflect enhanced thrombogenic activity would be associated with an increased risk of recurrent coronary events during long-term follow-up of patients who have recovered from myocardial infarction. Methods and Results - We prospectively enrolled 1045 patients 2 months after an index myocardial infarction. Baseline thrombogenic blood tests included 6 hemostatic variables (D-dimer, fibrinogen, factor VII, factor VIIa, von Willebrand factor, and plasminogen activator inhibitor-1), 7 lipid factors [cholesterol, triglycerides, HDL cholesterol, LDL cholesterol, lipoprotein(a), apolipoprotein (apo)A-I, and apoB], and insulin. Patients were followed up for an average of 26 months, with the primary end point being coronary death or nonfatal myocardial infarction, whichever occurred first. The hemostatic, lipid, and insulin parameters were dichotomized into their top and the lower 3 risk quartiles and evaluated for entry into a Cox survivorship model. High levels of D-dimer (hazard ratio, 2.43; 95% CI, 1.49, 3.97) and apoB (hazard ratio, 1.82; 95% CI, 1.10, 3.00) and low levels of apoA-I (hazard ratio, 1.84; 95% CI, 1.10, 3.08) were independently associated with recurrent coronary events in the Cox model after adjustment for 6 relevant clinical covariates. Conclusions - Our findings indicate that a procoagulant state, as reflected in elevated levels of D-dimer, and disordered lipid transport, as indicated by low apoA-1 and high apoB levels, contribute independently to recurrent coronary events in postinfarction patients.
- Coronary disease
- Myocardial infarction