Three-year measured weight change in the African American health study

Fredric D. Wolinsky, Elena M. Andresen, Theodore K. Malmstrom, Mario Schootman, J. Philip Miller, Douglas K. Miller

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


Objective: This study examines 3-year weight change in African Americans. Method: Nine hundred and ninety-eight participants 49 to 65 years old were assessed at baseline and 3 years later. Weight was measured, and weight change was defined as clinically meaningful increases or decreases (± 5 kg). Potential risk factors were investigated using multinomial logistic regression. Results: In-home measured weights were available for 752 participants (75%): 504 (67%) had stable weights, 131 (17%) gained more than 5 kg, and 117 (16%) lost more than 5 kg. Among all participants, the risks for weight gains were cancer, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, lower income, and Medicaid status; the risks for weight losses were angina, cancer, high measured systolic blood pressure, asthma, and physical inactivity. Sex-stratified analyses reveal differences involving age, socioeconomic status, cancer, blood pressure, and lower body function. Discussion: Three-year weight changes in middle-aged African Americans were frequent and significantly associated with several risk factors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)231-243
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Aging and Health
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 2009


  • African Americans
  • Population-based studies
  • Weight change


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