Due to the subjective symptoms associated with thoracic outlet syndrome, the lack of a valid reliable test to substantiate the diagnosis and a reportedly high incidence of major surgical complications, this diagnosis remains very controversial. This article reviews our understanding of chronic nerve compression and offers a hypothesis for the mechanism of thoracic outlet syndrome involving brachial plexus nerve compression and muscle imbalance.
|Number of pages
|Chest Surgery Clinics of North America
|Published - Jan 1 1999