Due to the subjective symptoms associated with thoracic outlet syndrome, the lack of a valid reliable test to substantiate the diagnosis and a reportedly high incidence of major surgical complications, this diagnosis remains very controversial. This article reviews our understanding of chronic nerve compression and offers a hypothesis for the mechanism of thoracic outlet syndrome involving brachial plexus nerve compression and muscle imbalance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)701-712
Number of pages12
JournalChest Surgery Clinics of North America
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jan 1 1999


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