Thermal excitation of heavy nuclei with 5-15 GeV/c antiproton, proton and pion beams

L. Beaulieu, K. Kwiatkowski, W. C. Hsi, T. Lefort, L. Pienkowski, R. G. Korteling, G. Wang, B. Back, D. S. Bracken, H. Breuer, E. Cornell, F. Gimeno-Nogues, D. S. Ginger, S. Gushue, M. J. Huang, R. Laforest, W. G. Lynch, E. Martin, K. B. Morley, L. P. RemsbergD. Rowland, E. Ramakrishnan, A. Ruangma, M. B. Tsang, V. E. Viola, E. Winchester, H. Xi, S. J. Yennello

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Excitation-energy distributions have been derived from measurements of 5.0-14.6 GeV/c antiproton, proton and pion reactions with 197Au target nuclei, using the ISiS 4π detector array. The maximum probability for producing high excitation-energy events is found for the 8 GeV/c antiproton beam relative to other hadrons, 3He and p̄ beams from LEAR. For protons and pions, the excitation-energy distributions are nearly independent of hadron type and beam momentum above about 8 GeV/c. The excitation energy enhancement for p̄ beams and the saturation effect are qualitatively consistent with intranuclear cascade code predictions. For all systems studied, maximum cluster sizes are observed for residues with E*/A ∼ 6 MeV.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)159-167
Number of pages9
JournalPhysics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics
Issue number2-4
StatePublished - 1999


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