Pediatric myocarditis, is most often associated with the acute or subacute onset of congestive heart failure in a previously healthy child. Myocarditis presenting with acute, severe symptomatology, termed fulminant myocarditis, has a high rate of recovery. Aggressive supportive care is indicated in fulminant myocarditis, including mechanical circulatory support. For subacute heart failure, supportive care remains the mainstay of therapy for myocarditis. A number of uncontrolled pediatric studies using both immunosuppressive therapy and/or immunomodulating therapy with intravenous gamma globulin have suggested these therapies are safe and useful in treating pediatric myocarditis. However, translating these results into recommended, routine therapy for pediatric myocarditis is complicated by the high rate of spontaneous improvement of myocarditis with supportive care, and the lack of demonstrable benefit for immunosuppressive and immunomodulating therapies in blinded, randomized, placebo-controlled trials in adult myocarditis. Heart transplantation remains the final therapeutic option for children with myocarditis and intractable severe heart failure.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Current Treatment Options in Cardiovascular Medicine|
|State||Published - Oct 2005|