Therapeutic options in advanced heart failure

M. L. Fisher, C. W. Balke, R. Freudenberger

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Treatment of advanced heart failure is usually a challenge. The successful use of β-blockers to alleviate mild to moderate symptoms of cardiac dysfunction suggests that even severe cases of heart failure may be reversible. Transplantation remains the only sure way to obtain a fully functional heart, but new medications, mechanical devices, and Surgical procedures could eventually prove to be alternatives.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)97-106
Number of pages10
JournalHospital Practice
Issue number12
StatePublished - 1997


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