Therapeutic efficacy of intra-articular hyaluronan derivative and platelet-rich plasma in mice following axial tibial loading

Xin Duan, Linda J. Sandell, Nobuaki Chinzei, Nilsson Holguin, Matthew J. Silva, Antonella Schiavinato, Muhammad Farooq Rai

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21 Scopus citations


Objective To investigate the therapeutic potential of intra-articular hyaluronan-derivative HYADD® 4-G and/or platelet-rich plasma (PRP) in a mouse model of non-invasive joint injury. Methods Non-invasive axial tibial loading was used to induce joint injury in 10-week-old C57BL/6J mice (n = 86). Mice underwent a single loading of either 6 Newton (N) or 9N axial tibial compression. HYADD® 4-G was injected intra-articularly at 8 mg/mL or 15 mg/mL either before or after loading with or without PRP. Phosphate-buffered-saline was injected as control. Knee joints were harvested at 5 or 56 days post-loading and prepared for micro-computed tomography scanning and subsequently processed for histology. Immunostaining was performed for aggrecan to monitor its distribution, for CD44 to monitor chondrocyte reactive changes and for COMP (cartilage oligomeric matrix protein) as an index for cartilage matrix changes related to loading and cartilage injury. TUNEL assay was performed to identify chondrocyte apoptosis. Results Loading initiated cartilage proteoglycan loss and chondrocyte apoptosis within 5 days with slowly progressive post-traumatic osteoarthritis (no cartilage degeneration, but increased synovitis and ectopic calcification after 9N loading) at 56 days. Mice treated with repeated HYADD® 4-G (15 mg/mL) or HYADD® 4-G (8 mg/mL) ± PRP or PRP alone exhibited no significant improvement in the short-term (5 days) and long-term (56 days) consequences of joint loading except for a trend for improved bone changes compared to non-loaded joints. Conclusion While we failed to show an overall effect of intra-articular delivery of hyaluronan-derivative and/or PRP in reversing/protecting the pathological events in cartilage and synovium following joint injury, some bone alterations were relatively less severe with hyaluronan-derivative at higher concentration or in association with PRP.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0175682
JournalPloS one
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 2017


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