The validity of the SRS-22 instrument in an adult spinal deformity population compared with the Oswestry and SF-12: A study of response distribution, concurrent validity, internal consistency, and reliability

Keith H. Bridwell, William Cats-Baril, John Harrast, Sigurd Berven, Steven Glassman, Jean Pierre Farcy, William C. Horton, Lawrence G. Lenke, Christine Baldus, Terri Radake

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Abstract

Study Design. Prospective analysis of a consecutive cohort of adult spinal deformity patients queried over a 12-month period. Objectives. To assess the SRS-22 instrument compared with the SF-12 and Oswestry. Summary of Background Data. Very few reports in the literature have applied the SRS-22 to adult spinal deformity patients. Methods. Consecutive adult spinal deformity patients were applied the SRS-22, SF-12, and Oswestry. Four analyses were done: 1) floor/ceiling effect; 2) Pearson's correlation coefficients between the SRS-22, SF-12, and Oswestry; 3) Cronbach's alpha analysis for internal consistency within the SRS-22; and 4) test/retest, Results. Floor/ceiling range for the SRS-22 compared favorably with the SF-12 and Oswestry. The Pearson's coefficients correlating the two questionnaires relative to the SRS-22 were > 0.7. The Cronbach's alpha within each domain for the SRS-22 were > 0.7, except for pain (0.67). Test/retest correlation coefficients ranged from 0.84 to 0.95 for the subscales. Conclusions. The SRS-22 is a disease-specific instrument with the capacity to demonstrate change in health status more effectively than the SF-12 and in more domains than the Oswestry. The SRS-22 showed high criterion validity with the SF-12 and Oswestry based on Pearson's coefficients. High Cronbach's alpha scores suggested a high internal consistency within each domain of the SRS-22, excent for pain (0.67). Test/retest reliability was excellent.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)455-461
Number of pages7
JournalSpine
Volume30
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 15 2005

Keywords

  • Adult spinal deformity
  • Outcomes analysis
  • SRS-22

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