The utility of routine trauma laboratories in pediatric trauma resuscitations.

Martin S. Keller, C. Eric Coln, Jennifer A. Trimble, M. Christine Green, Thomas R. Weber

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

36 Scopus citations

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Because of the difficulties in evaluating injured children, screening blood tests are recommended. METHODS: Resuscitation blood tests (complete blood count, chem12, coagulation panel, urinalysis) were reviewed for abnormality frequency, injury correlation, managements, and outcome. RESULTS: Panels were obtained on 240 children (age < 16 years) meeting trauma system criteria. Abnormalities were identified as follows: white blood cell/hematocrit/platelets (41%, 27%, 1%), Na/K/Cl/CO(2) (3%, 30%, 23%, 14%), blood ureal nitrogen/creatinine (6%, 0%), prothrombin time/international normalized ratio/partial thromboplastin time (22%, 16%, 6%), aspartate aminotransferase/alanine transferase (43%, 35%), amylase (2%), glucose (77%), and urinalysis (31%). Organ-specific chemistries predicted injury poorly. Transaminasemia correlated with liver injury when levels exceeded 400 U/L. Two children (1%) with hyperamylasemia had abdominal injuries. Coagulation abnormalities correlated with intracranial injury (43%) and Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS 3 to 8; 56%, GCS 9 to 14; 20%, GCS 15; 14%, P <0.05). Only 25 (10%) had interventions for test abnormalities (11 transfusions, 8 fresh frozen plasma, 3 tests repeated, 3 KCl). CONCLUSIONS: Routine laboratory panels are little value in the management of injured children.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)671-678
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican journal of surgery
Volume188
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2004

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