The use of Vicryl mesh in a porcine model to assess its safety as an adjunct to posterior fascial closure during retromuscular mesh placement

L. Liu, C. Petro, A. Majumder, M. Fayezizadeh, J. Anderson, Y. W. Novitsky

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


Background: Posterior component separation has become a common approach to complex abdominal wall reconstructions. This technique includes creation of an extraperitoneal retromuscular space for subsequent large synthetic mesh reinforcement. In certain cases, when complete restoration of “posterior” layer is precluded by significant tissue loss/damage, one proposed strategy is to replace the posterior fascia with an absorbable synthetic polyglactin (Vicryl) mesh. However, the safety of this strategy to prevent mesh-related visceral complication is unknown. Herein, we aimed to characterize mesh-viscera adhesion profiles and host tissue response of synthetic mesh either exposed directly to the viscera, or protected with Vicryl mesh. Methods: Using adult Yorkshire pigs, 5 × 5 cm pieces of mesh were secured to the intact peritoneum in each of the four quadrants (n = 6 pigs, 24 mesh samples). The study groups were Vicryl (V), Marlex (M), Softmesh (S), Marlex + Vicryl construct (MV), Softmesh + Vicryl construct (SV). The self-made composite meshes were then implanted with the Vicryl side facing the exposed viscera. The pigs were survived for 60 days. At necropsy, grossly, the extent and tenacity of visceral adhesions were evaluated using established scales. Histologically, all specimens for fibrous encapsulation on the visceral surface of the mesh were reviewed by an experienced pathologist blind to meshes used. Results: At necropsy, all Vicryl meshes were completely resorbed. The mean adhesion and tenacity scores for M and MV were 1.8 and 1.1 (P > 0.05), 2.0 and 1.5 (P > 0.05), respectively; while the mean adhesion extent scores and tenacity scores for S and SV were 2.0 and 1.2 (P > 0.05), 2.0 and 1.7 (P > 0.05). No significant difference in adhesion extent and tenacity was observed between Synthetic and Vicryl composite mesh groups. Histologically, Marlex + Vicryl mesh and Softmesh + Vicryl mesh constructs had thicker fibrous capsules than the corresponding unprotected Marlex and Soft mesh implants. Furthermore, visceral adhesions in the composite groups were noted to be to the fibrous capsule and not synthetic mesh itself. Conclusion: Utilization of the absorbable polyglactin (Vicryl) mesh as a separating layer between a synthetic mesh and intestines, did not reduce adhesions across various mesh types and composites. Histologically, however, a thick fibrous capsule replaced the Vicryl mesh and may be an important layer to prevent intestinal erosion into retromuscular synthetic meshes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)289-295
Number of pages7
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 1 2016


  • Absorbable mesh
  • Adhesion profile
  • Hernia
  • Posterior component separation
  • Retromuscular
  • Retrorectus
  • Synthetic mesh
  • Transversus abdominis release


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