The tumor-suppressive small GTPase DiRas1 binds the noncanonical guanine nucleotide exchange factor SmgGDS and antagonizes SmgGDS interactions with oncogenic small GTPases

Carmen Bergom, Andrew D. Hauser, Amy Rymaszewski, Patrick Gonyo, Jeremy W. Prokop, Benjamin C. Jennings, Alexis J. Lawton, Anne Frei, Ellen L. Lorimer, Irene Aguilera-Barrantes, Alexander C. Mackinnon, Kathleen Noon, Carol A. Fierke, Carol L. Williams

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11 Scopus citations

Abstract

The small GTPase DiRas1 has tumor-suppressive activities, unlike the oncogenic properties more common to small GTPases such as K-Ras and RhoA. Although DiRas1 has been found to be a tumor suppressor in gliomas and esophageal squamous cell carcinomas, the mechanisms by which it inhibits malignant phenotypes have not been fully determined. In this study, we demonstrate that DiRas1 binds toSmgGDS,a protein that promotes the activation of several oncogenic GTPases. In silico docking studies predict that DiRas1 binds to SmgGDS in a manner similar to other small GTPases. SmgGDS is a guanine nucleotide exchange factor for RhoA, but we report here that SmgGDS does not mediate GDP/ GTP exchange on DiRas1. Intriguingly, DiRas1 acts similarly to a dominant-negative small GTPase, binding to SmgGDS and inhibitingSmgGDSbinding to other small GTPases, including K-Ras4B, RhoA, and Rap1A. DiRas1 is expressed in normal breast tissue, but its expression is decreased in most breast cancers, similar to its family member DiRas3 (ARHI). DiRas1 inhibits RhoA- And Smg- GDS-mediated NF-kB transcriptional activity in HEK293T cells. We also report that DiRas1 suppresses basal NF-kB activation in breast cancer and glioblastoma cell lines. Taken together, our data support a model in which DiRas1 expression inhibits malignant features of cancers in part by nonproductively binding to SmgGDS and inhibiting the binding of other small GTPases to SmgGDS.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6534-6545
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume291
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 18 2016
Externally publishedYes

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    Bergom, C., Hauser, A. D., Rymaszewski, A., Gonyo, P., Prokop, J. W., Jennings, B. C., Lawton, A. J., Frei, A., Lorimer, E. L., Aguilera-Barrantes, I., Mackinnon, A. C., Noon, K., Fierke, C. A., & Williams, C. L. (2016). The tumor-suppressive small GTPase DiRas1 binds the noncanonical guanine nucleotide exchange factor SmgGDS and antagonizes SmgGDS interactions with oncogenic small GTPases. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 291(12), 6534-6545. https://doi.org/10.1074/jbc.M115.696831