Replication-defective adenoviral vectors are currently being employed as gene delivery vehicles for cancer gene therapy. To address the hypothesis that the therapeutic efficacy of adenoviral vectors is restricted by their inability to infect tumour cells expressing low levels of the primary cellular receptor for adenoviruses, the coxsackievirus and adenovirus receptor (CAR), we have employed a pair of ovarian cancer cell lines differing only in the expression of a primary receptor for Ad5. This novel system thus allowed the direct evaluation of the relationship between the efficacy of an adenoviral vector and the primary receptor levels of the host cancer cell, without the confounding influence of other variable cellular factors. We demonstrate that a deficiency of the primary cellular receptor on the tumour cells restricts the efficacy of adenoviral vectors in two distinct cancer gene therapy approaches, TP53 gene replacement therapy and herpes simplex virus thymidine kinase/ganciclovir suicide gene therapy. Moreover, we show that a deficiency of the primary receptor on the tumour cells limits the efficiency of adenovirus-mediated gene transfer in vivo. Since a number of studies have reported that primary cancer cells express only low levels of CAR, our results suggest that strategies to redirect adenoviruses to achieve CAR-independent infection will be necessary to realize the full potential of adenoviral vectors in the clinical setting.
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||European Journal of Cancer|
|State||Published - Sep 2002|
- Gene therapy
- Thymidine kinase