The Temperament and Character Inventory-Revised (TCI-R): Psychometric characteristics of the French version

Antoine Pelissolo, L. Mallet, J. M. Baleyte, G. Michel, C. R. Cloninger, J. F. Allilaire, R. Jouvent

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    80 Scopus citations


    Objective: To explore the psychometric characteristics of a modified version of the Cloninger's personality questionnaire, the Temperament and Character Inventory-Revised (TCI-R). Method: A 482-subject sample, including clinical and non-clinical subjects, completed the TCI-R. We performed principal component analyses and explored the factorial structure of the questionnaire, and the internal consistency of each dimension. Results: The factorial structure of the TCI-R was well defined as expected and similar to those shown with the TCI. Robust factors were obtained for Reward Dependence and Persistence in the TCI-R, even more clearly than in the original TCI. All dimensions obtained higher alpha Cronbach coefficients with the TCI-R than with the TCI. We obtained highly satisfying reliability coefficients in test-retest and TCI/ TCI-R comparisons. Conclusion: The TCI-R seems to have similar psychometric and feasibility characteristics as those of the initial version, but with significant improvements in terms of factorial structure and internal consistency of most dimensions.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)126-133
    Number of pages8
    JournalActa Psychiatrica Scandinavica
    Issue number2
    StatePublished - Aug 1 2005


    • Character
    • Personality
    • Psychometric
    • Questionnaire
    • Temperament
    • Validation


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