The synthesis of complex-type oligosaccharides. I. Structure of the lipid-linked oligosaccharide precursor of the complex-type oligosaccharides of the vesicular stomatitis virus G protein.

E. Li, I. Tabas, S. Kornfeld

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Abstract

The synthesis of the complex-type oligosaccharide unit of the vesicular stomatitis virus G protein is initiated by the en bloc transfer of a high molecular weight oligosaccharide from a lipid carrier to the nascent polypeptide. Following transfer the oligosaccharide is "processed" by removal of glucose and mannose residues and the sugars that constitute the outer branches of the complex-type oligosaccharide are added. The structure of the oligosaccharide moiety of the lipid-linked precursor has been elucidated in order to further define the steps involved in processing. Since it was not feasible to obtain adequate amounts of material for standard structural studies, most of the structural studies were performed on radiolabeled material, with radioactivity incorporated differentially into glucose, mannose, and N-acetylglucosamine. Based on endo-beta-N-acetylglucosaminidase CII digestion, alpha-mannosidase digestion, acetolysis, Smith periodate degradation, methylation analysis, and periodate oxidation, we propose the following structure for the oligosaccharide moiety of the lipid-linked oligosaccharide.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7762-7770
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume253
Issue number21
StatePublished - Nov 10 1978

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