In mammalian somatic cells, sex-chromosome dosage compensation is achieved by random inactivation of one of the two X chromosomes. The Xg blood group antigen (Xg) and steroid sulfatase (STS) loci on the distal end of the short arm of the X chromosome have been shown to escape this inactivation. However, it has been reported that on structurally abnormal inactive X chromosomes Xg and STS are inactivated. This discrepancy requires further consideration since whatever process accounts for the lack of inactivation of these loci on structurally normal, inactive X chromosomes might be anticipated to be operative on structurally abnormal, inactive X chromosomes. To investigate this issue, we examined the expression of STS activity in mouse-human somatic-cell hybrids retaining two different, deleted, inactive human X chromosomes. These studies provide evidence for lack of inactivation of STS on structurally abnormal, inactive X chromosomes.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||American journal of human genetics|
|State||Published - Dec 1 1984|