The Society of Thoracic Surgeons General Thoracic Surgery Database (STS GTSD) remains the most robust thoracic surgical database in the world, providing participating institutions semiannual risk-adjusted performance reports and facilitating multiple quality improvement initiatives each year. In 2018, the STS GTSD Data Collection Form was substantially revised to acquire the most important variables with the least data manager burden. In addition, a composite quality measure for all pulmonary resections for cancer was developed, and the impact that minimally invasive approaches have on the model was assessed. The 2018 database audit found that the accuracy of the database remains high, ranging from 92.5% to 98.4%. In 2019, the STS GTSD Task Force plans to focus on increasing generalizability of the database, initiating esophagectomy outcome public reporting, and creating customizable real-time dashboards. This review summarizes all national aggregate outcome, quality measurement, and improvement initiatives from the STS GTSD over the past 12 months.