The safety of deep hypothermic circulatory arrest in aortic valve replacement with unclampable aorta in non-octogenarians

Tsuyoshi Kaneko, Robert C. Neely, Prem Shekar, Quratulain Javed, Ali Asghar, Siobhan McGurk, Igor Gosev, John G. Byrne, Lawrence H. Cohn, Sary F. Aranki

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16 Scopus citations


OBJECTIVES Aortic valve replacement (AVR) in patients with severely atherosclerotic aortas (porcelain aorta) presents a significant technical challenge. Two strategies are deep hypothermic circulatory arrest (DHCA) during conventional surgery and transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). The aim of this study was to examine the outcomes in patients who underwent DHCA for AVR with a porcelain aorta to identify whether older patients are more suitable for TAVR. METHODS Between October 2004 and December 2012, 122 patients underwent AVR using DHCA for atherosclerotic aorta. Patients with concomitant valve surgery were excluded. Overall, 63.9% (78/122) were of age <80 (non-octogenarian group, NOG) and 36.1% (44/122) were >80 (octogenarian group, OG). Of the total cohort, 62.3% (76/122) had concomitant coronary artery bypass graft surgery. RESULTS The mean age for the whole cohort was 75.7 ± 8.5 years; 70.2 ± 8.1 years for the NOG and 83.4 ± 2.6 years for the OG (P = 0.001). The OG had a higher rate of preoperative renal failure (20.5%, 9/44 vs 7.7%, 6/78, P = 0.048) and trends towards a greater history of cerebrovascular disease (9.1%, 4/44 vs 1.3%, 1/78, P = 0.056), but fewer reoperations (6.8%, 3/44 vs 19.2%, 15/78, P = 0.069). Cardiopulmonary bypass time, aortic cross-clamp time and circulatory arrest time were similar between the two groups. Postoperative complication rates were similar except for permanent stroke (OG 18.2%, 8/44 vs NOG 6.4%, 5/78, P = 0.065). The overall operative mortality rate was 8.2% (10/122); however, the OG had significantly higher operative mortality compared with the NOG (15.9%, 7/44 vs 3.8%, 3/78, P = 0.035). One- and 5-year survival rates were 88.9 and 79.3% for the NOG versus 75.0 and 65.9% for the OG (P = 0.027), respectively. CONCLUSIONS Postoperative neurological events and operative mortality were, respectively, 3- and 4-fold higher in octogenarians undergoing AVR using DHCA. Such patients may represent suitable candidates for TAVR if favourable outcomes are demonstrated in patients with atherosclerotic aortas. Surgical AVR remains the standard treatment option with excellent outcomes for patients <80 years old with unclampable aortas.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)79-84
Number of pages6
JournalInteractive cardiovascular and thoracic surgery
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015


  • Aortic valve replacement
  • Deep hypothermic circulatory arrest
  • Porcelain aorta


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