The Role of the Radiologist in Determining Disease Severity in Inflammatory Bowel Diseases

Parakkal Deepak, Jordan E. Axelrad, Ashwin N. Ananthakrishnan

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

24 Scopus citations

Abstract

Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis are chronic inflammatory diseases that lead to progressive bowel damage including the development of stricturing and penetrating complications. Increasingly, cross-sectional imaging with computed tomography or magnetic resonance scans have emerged as leading tools to: (1)assess disease activity; (2)monitor response to therapy or disease recurrence; and (3)identify disease-related complications. Several validated radiological scoring systems have been developed to quantify cross-sectional and longitudinal inflammatory burden in these diseases and to monitor response to treatment. Bowel ultrasound is also a simple and inexpensive tool but is operator dependent in its performance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)447-470
Number of pages24
JournalGastrointestinal Endoscopy Clinics of North America
Volume29
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2019

Keywords

  • Abscess
  • CTE
  • Crohn's disease
  • Fistula
  • Inflammation
  • MRE
  • Strictures
  • Ulcerative colitis

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