Using a nucleus-free DNA replication system we have investigated the roles of Xenopus ATR (XATR) and Hus1 (Xhus1) as the DNA replication checkpoint sensors. Like XATR, Xhus1 is required for the checkpoint-dependent phosphorylation of Xchk1 and associates with chromatin in an initiation-dependent manner. While removal of replication protein A inhibits chromatin association of both XATR and Xhus1, removal of polymerase α only disrupts chromatin association of Xhus1. In addition, chromatin association of XATR and Xhus1 are independent of each other. Finally, like XATR, Xhus1 associates with chromatin in unperturbed S phase and dissociates from chromatin following completion of DNA replication.