10 Scopus citations


Circulating neutrophils are persistently higher in mice deficient in the small GTPase Rac2 than in wild-type (WT) mice. Therefore, we examined the mechanisms through which the small GTPase Rac2 regulates neutrophil production and release. Lethally irradiated WT mice reconstituted with a 50:50 mixture of WT and Rac2-/- fetal liver cells were protected from neutrophilia, suggesting that neutrophilia is primarily because of extrinsic defects that can be corrected by WT leukocytes. However, the differential counts and numbers of leukocyte subtypes differed between Rac2-/- and WT cells, suggesting that Rac2 modulates leukocyte lineage distribution. Kinetic studies suggest Rac2 modulates the release of neutrophils into the circulation and does not prolong their circulating half life. The percentage of bone marrow cells that expressed the neutrophil marker Gr-1 in lethally irradiated WT or Rac2-/- recipients of Rac2-/- stem cells was greater than in recipients of WT stem cells; however, circulating neutrophil counts were higher only in Rac2-/- recipients of Rac2-/- stem cells. Rac2 mRNA was expressed in the bone marrow of WT recipients of Rac2-/- stem cells and in human mesenchymal stem cells. The data presented here suggest that Rac2 in hematopoietic cells regulates leukocyte lineage distribution and Rac2 in nonhematopoietic cells might contribute to regulating circulating neutrophil counts.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)507-517
Number of pages11
JournalAmerican Journal of Pathology
Issue number2
StatePublished - Aug 2008


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